Mourned: The father-of-six is seen with his fifth wife Theresa Ann Lane, in 2006.
Country icon Merle Haggard has died from pneumonia at home in Palo Cedro, California on his 79th birthday.
Stars including his long-term friend and collaborator, Willie Nelson, rushed to pay tribute after Haggard's manager confirmed the news.
The death came just a few days after the singer canceled his April concert dates after suffering from a recurring bout of double pneumonia.
Haggard's son Ben, 23, also paid tribute, writing: 'A week ago dad told us he was gonna pass on his birthday. And he wasn't wrong. A[n] hour ago he took his last breath surrounded by family and friends.'
Ben, the lead guitarist in his father's band, the Strangers, also shared a black-and-white photo of his hand grasping his father's hand.
In a statement issued by his publicist last week Merle had told fans: 'I hope to be back on the road in May, but I'm taking it one day at a time.'
The singer of hits like Okie From Muskogee, Mama Tried and Workin' Man Blues had previously cancelled dates in February and March.
He had a battle with lung cancer in 2008 - having part of a lung removed - but despite illness and his advancing age kept up an ambitious touring schedule.
Indeed, his 2015 tour schedule saw him perform in over 30 cities.
Amongst those paying to tribute was his close friend and collaborator Nelson, who said: 'He was my brother, my friend. I will miss him.'
Stars including Carrie Underwood, Cassadee Pope, Dierks Bentley and Hillary Scott also shared their condolences.
A masterful guitarist, fiddler and songwriter as well as singer, Haggard recorded for more than 40 years, releasing dozens of albums and No. 1 hits.
The Country Music Hall of Famer's repertoire included songs with traditional country music themes such as drinking and heartache but he also infused them with more insight and tenderness than most honky-tonkers. He also broadened the genre by writing about poverty, loneliness and social issues.
Haggard once said he preferred playing guitar to singing, but it was his voice that made him stand out.
'Haggard's exceptionally true intonation, his command of varied vocal textures and his insinuating phrasing would make him a superior vocalist in any idiom,' the New York Times said of Haggard in his prime. 'Like Muddy Waters in the blues field and only a handful of other performers, he both embodies and transcends his rich American musical heritage.'
Haggard's sound drew from traditional country but also touched on folk, pop, jazz, blues and rock and his songs were covered by the likes of the Grateful Dead, Elvis Costello and Lynyrd Skynyrd.
'I can't remember when I haven't listened to him,' said Rolling Stones guitarist Keith Richards. 'Some of the best songs and best delivery you can get.'
Haggard was born April 6, 1937, near Bakersfield, California, the son of a couple who had been part of the exodus from Oklahoma's Dust Bowl during the Great Depression. Haggard's father was a carpenter for a railroad and the family lived in a converted boxcar.
Haggard, who was nine years old when his father died of a brain tumor, quit school in the eighth grade and began hopping freight trains. He also took up the guitar and petty crime and frequently was placed in - and escaped from - juvenile reformatories.
A few years later he was living out the lyrics of what would be one of his biggest hits - Mama Tried, the story of a man who marked his 21st birthday in prison.
He had been sent to California's notorious San Quentin prison for trying to break into a cafe - too drunk to realize that at the time it was still open and serving customers.
Haggard was already a big fan of country star Lefty Frizzell when he saw Johnny Cash perform at the prison in 1958 and decided to make a career of music after being paroled almost three years into his sentence.
'I would've become a lifetime criminal if music hadn't saved my ass,' Haggard said in a PBS documentary. 'I'm living proof that things go wrong in America and I'm also living proof that things can go right.'
The Hag: The country icon is seen in his prime back in 1980; he only started making music after he saw Johnny Cash perform at California's notorious San Quentin prison, where he was serving time.
During his time as governor of California, Ronald Reagan pardoned Haggard for his crime.
Haggard returned to his hometown in 1960 and, along with Buck Owens, helped define what became known as the Bakersfield sound - a more raw, twangy-er country sound than the highly produced music that was coming out of Nashville at the time.
The subject matter of the songs Haggard wrote was more blunt than some of his fans were accustomed to - Irma Jackson was about interracial romance - and he rebelled when record company executives wanted to change his style.
'I've never been a guy that can do what people told me,' he told the Times. 'It's always been my nature to fight the system.'
Hits such as Workin' Man Blues, Hungry Eyes and If We Make It Through December, the plaintive story of a laid-off factory worker trying to salvage Christmas for his young daughter, were likened to the populist works of Woody Guthrie.
Haggard's other hits included Lonesome Fugitive, Silver Wings, Sing Me Back Home, Daddy Frank (The Guitar Man), The Bottle Let Me Down, The Fightin' Side of Me, Think I'll Just Stay Here and Drink, and Pancho and Lefty, a duet with Willie Nelson.
Haggard toured constantly with his band, the Strangers, and once described his life as 'a 35-year bus ride' - and that was in 1996, long before his bus stopped rolling.
Haggard's fame skyrocketed in 1970 with Okie From Muskogee, an anti-hippie song ('we don't smoke marijuana in Muskogee, we don't take our trips on LSD') that came to be embraced by conservatives. Haggard said in interviews the song started out as a joke and a character study and that it did not necessarily reflect his views.
Haggard often told interviewers he was not political but his songs showed he was certainly opinionated and a libertarian thinker. In 2003 he defended the Dixie Chicks from fans' backlash after they criticized President George W. Bush and he wrote a song in tribute to former first lady Hillary Clinton when she was seeking the presidency in 2007.
He also wrote Crippled Soldiers And Me to protest the U.S. Supreme Court ruling that said burning the American flag was an expression of free speech and That's the News to criticize media coverage of the war in Iraq.
Stardom took a toll on the man known to his fans as The Hag and his career waned in the late 1980s amid personal problems. He filed for bankruptcy protection in 1992 after years of hard living, four divorces, gambling and bad investments. He once estimated that he had blown $100 million.
In My House Of Memories he wrote of a sleepless, always-naked five-day drug binge on his houseboat with an unnamed woman country singer. By his mid-60s Haggard had settled down and spent his spare time fishing on his ranch in Northern California.
Haggard was married five times, and had six children - Dana, Marty, Kelli, Noel, Jenessa and Ben.
He is survived by them, and his wife of 23 years Theresa Ann Lane.
Icon: Merle Haggard, seen last year, died at home on his 79th birthday.
Willie Nelson pays tribute to 'brother' Merle Haggard... as heartbroken son reveals country icon correctly predicted he would die on 79th birthday
Haggard had already fought off lung cancer which left him weak
He cancelled tour dates - indicating all was not well for an artist who loved life on stage
He famously said, in 1990, that when he quits doing tours 'the next big event is my funeral'
Haggard rose from poverty and prison to international fame with hits like Okie From Muskogee
He is now regarded as one of the most influential country stars known for his twangy 'Bakersfield sound'
By LIZZIE SMITH FOR DAILYMAIL.COM
PUBLISHED: 12:54 EST, 6 April 2016 | UPDATED: 05:17 EST, 7 April 2016